The electric three-wheeler is the best option for last-mile delivery: Know the pros and cons here.

Consumer behaviour has changed over the years. People have started purchasing products online, creating the need for quicker, more reliable, and more efficient last-mile delivery. It has significantly increased the number of vehicles operating in last-mile activities. 

Electric three-wheeler

One significant shift is towards using electric three-wheeler vehicles for last-mile delivery, which has a wide range of beneficial effects on society and the distributors involved. Electric autos are sustainable, creating a good impact on the environment, economy, and social well-being. Let us look into the pros and cons of electric three-wheeler for last-mile delivery.

Pros of Using Electric Three-Wheeler for Last-Mile Delivery

Minimal fuel consumption: 

The electric three-wheeler vehicle is powered by lithium-ion batteries and is a more affordable option compared to other vehicles. An electric three-wheeler utilizes an average of 1 kW of power for 1 hour, which is equivalent to 1 kWh or 1 unit of electricity. Electric autos have low operating costs and help you save money.

Easier Technology Integration Capability:

The architecture of an electric car is significantly simpler compared to regular automobiles, making it easier to integrate modern technologies for fleet tracking and mobility optimization. This can lead to improved efficiency in last-mile deliveries.

Convenient and Easy to Maintain:

Electric autos require less maintenance compared to traditional gasoline-powered vehicles due to their simpler design, fewer moving parts, no oil changes, regenerative braking, simplified cooling systems, and longer service intervals. These advantages make electric autos a more cost-effective and convenient option for transportation, with lower maintenance requirements and reduced downtime for repairs.

Tax and Subsidies on EV:

In India, the taxation on electric vehicles is comparatively minimal, and the government extends significant subsidies for electric three-wheeler cargo vehicles to encourage individuals in adopting eco-friendly transportation options.

Environmentally Friendly:

Electric three-wheelers are emission-free, producing no harmful pollutants, making them a promising solution to mitigate urban air pollution. The adoption of electric mobility has the potential to significantly reduce the levels of harmful emissions in cities, leading to cleaner and healthier air. Additionally, electric autos can minimize traffic noise, contributing to a quieter and more peaceful urban environment.

Electric three-wheeler

Cons of Using Electric Three-Wheeler for Last-Mile Delivery

High Initial Purchase Cost : 

The initial price of electric three-wheelers is comparatively higher than that of diesel and petrol vehicles. The batteries used in electric autos are made with lithium-ion technology, which includes rare earth materials. As a result, the cost of manufacturing EVs increases, making them more expensive.

Buyers feel other automobiles are cheaper but with time EVs are much cheaper. The total cost of ownership is very less for EVs. While buying an electric vehicle you can get a subsidy. There will be no fuel cost. The maintenance of an EV can cost up to Rs 3,000 yearly. In the long run, EVs become a cheaper option and it also has a good resale value. 

Limited Charging Stations:

Electric vehicles (EVs) run on batteries and require charging. As EVs are relatively new in the market, there are limited charging stations established. People who rely on EVs for covering long distances need to plan ahead or may be concerned about finding accessible charging stations, which is not always easy. 

Even though there are limited charging stations, the electric loading vehicle has portable charging cables. EVs can be easily charged anytime and anywhere. It also has a good battery range so you don’t have to worry about charging. 

Charging is Time-Consuming: 

Charging any electronic device requires time, and the same goes for electric vehicles (EVs). In contrast to conventional automobiles that can refuel their gas tanks in just a few minutes, charging an electric auto takes significantly longer, often spanning several hours.

Charging might be time-consuming but once charged you can easily travel 80 to 120 km in an electric auto. Many people have started using electric three-wheeler vehicles and they are satisfied with the battery range. 

Limited Options of EVs in the Market: 

At present, the selection of electric three-wheeler models available in the market is relatively limited when it comes to aesthetics, style, and customization options. As a result, customers often find themselves having to make compromises and choose from a narrow range of options. 

Though the options are limited, people are moving towards more sustainable alternatives. Soon, there will be more models available in the market. 

Comes with Less Driving Range: 

In comparison to conventional automobiles, electric autos typically have a shorter driving range, which can result in range anxiety for many people. While electric cars can be convenient for short-distance trips, they may not be as practical for long-distance travel due to their limited range. 

The electric vehicle on average gives a battery range of 80 to 120 Km. Which is sufficient for last-mile deliveries as it targets smaller areas. Also, there are innovations every day, and batteries are being developed that will give more mileage in the future.

Here is a comparison of the pros and cons of electric three-wheelers for last-mile delivery:

Minimal fuel consumption
High initial purchase cost
Easier technology integration capability
Limited charging stations
Convenient and easy to maintain
Charging is time-consuming
Tax and subsidies on EV
Limited options of EVs in the market
Environmentally friendly
Comes with less driving range


The electric three-wheeler can be used for any business. But, it is more suitable for businesses that do last-mile deliveries within a fixed and limited radius. Turno offers a range of electric autos like Piaggio Ape Electrik, Mahindra Treo ZorETRIO Touro MAX+, OSM Rage + and more that are designed to meet the needs of businesses of all sizes, making them an excellent choice for any business that is looking to invest in sustainable transportation. It also gives financial support for buying EVs. 

To know more about commercial vehicles and the best buying options, visit